Cuma , 20 Eylül 2019

Exchange 2013 to 2016 Migration

Exchange Server 2013 Cu10 ve üzeri olması gerek. Exc 2010 sp3 Rr11 olması gerek. Exc 2007 varsa 2007 yi ortamdan kaldırmak gerek.

Get-ExchangeServer | fl ile Exchange versiyonları kontrol edilir.

Sistem gereksinimleri aşağıdaki gibidir.

Coexistence of Exchange 2016 with earlier versions of Exchange Server

Exchange version Exchange organization coexistence
Exchange 2007 and earlier versions Not supported
Exchange 2010 Supported with Update Rollup 11 for Exchange 2010 SP3 or later on all Exchange 2010 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
Exchange 2013 Supported with Exchange 2013 Cumulative Update 10 or later on all Exchange 2013 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
Mixed Exchange 2010 and Exchange 2013 organization Supported with the following minimum versions of Exchange:

  • Update Rollup 11 Exchange 2010 SP3 or later on all Exchange 2010 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
  • Exchange 2013 Cumulative Update 10 or later on all Exchange 2013 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.

Supported hybrid deployment scenarios

Exchange 2016 supports hybrid deployments with Office 365 tenants that have been upgraded to the latest version of Office 365. For more information about specific hybrid deployments, see Hybrid deployment prerequisites.

Network and directory servers

The following table lists the requirements for the network and the directory servers in your Exchange 2016 organization.

Network and directory server requirements for Exchange 2016

 

Component Requirement
Domain controllers All domain controllers in the forest need to be running one of the following:

  • Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard or Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter RTM or later
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard, Enterprise, or Datacenter
Active Directory forest The Active Directory forest functionality level needs to be at Windows Server 2008 or higher.
DNS namespace support Exchange 2016 supports the following domain name system (DNS) namespaces:

  • Contiguous
  • Noncontiguous
  • Single label domains
  • Disjoint

For more information about DNS namespaces supported by Exchange, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 2269838, Microsoft Exchange compatibility with Single Label Domains, Disjoined Namespaces, and Discontiguous Namespaces.

IPv6 support In Exchange 2016, IPv6 is supported only when IPv4 is also installed and enabled. If Exchange 2016 is deployed in this configuration, and the network supports IPv4 and IPv6, all Exchange servers can send data to and receive data from devices, servers, and clients that use IPv6 addresses. For more information, see IPv6 support in Exchange 2013.

Directory server architecture

The use of 64-bit Active Directory domain controllers increases directory service performance for Exchange 2016.

note Note:
In multi-domain environments, on Windows Server 2008 domain controllers that have the Active Directory language locale set to Japanese (ja-jp), your servers may not receive some attributes that are stored on an object during inbound replication. For more information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 949189, A Windows Server 2008 domain controller that is configured with the Japanese language locale may not apply updates to attributes on an object during inbound replication.

Installing Exchange 2016 on directory servers

For security and performance reasons, we recommend that you install Exchange 2016 only on member servers and not on Active Directory directory servers. To learn about the issues you can face when installing Exchange 2016 on a directory server, see Installing Exchange on a domain controller is not recommendedAfter Exchange 2016 is installed, changing its role from a member server to a directory server, or vice versa, isn’t supported.

Hardware

For information about deploying Exchange in a virtualized environment, see Exchange 2016 virtualization.

Hardware requirements for Exchange 2016

 

Component Requirement Notes
Processor
  • x64 architecture-based computer with Intel processor that supports Intel 64 architecture (formerly known as Intel EM64T)
  • AMD processor that supports the AMD64 platform
  • Intel Itanium IA64 processors not supported
For more information, see Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.

See the “Operating system” section later in this topic for supported operating systems.

Memory Varies depending on Exchange roles that are installed:

  • Mailbox   8GB minimum
  • Edge Transport   4GB minimum
For more information, see Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.
Paging file size The page file size minimum and maximum must be set to physical RAM plus 10MB, to a maximum size of 32,778MB (32GB) if you’re using more than 32GB of RAM. None
Disk space
  • At least 30 GB on the drive on which you install Exchange
  • An additional 500 MB of available disk space for each Unified Messaging (UM) language pack that you plan to install
  • 200 MB of available disk space on the system drive
  • A hard disk that stores the message queue database on with at least 500 MB of free space.
For more information, see Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.
Drive DVD-ROM drive, local or network accessible None
Screen resolution 1024 x 768 pixels or higher None
File format Disk partitions formatted as NTFS file systems, which applies to the following partitions:

  • System partition
  • Partitions that store Exchange binary files or files generated by Exchange diagnostic logging
  • Database files, such as mailbox and transport databases

Disk partitions containing only the following types of files can optionally be formatted as ReFS:

  • Partitions containing transaction log files
  • Partitions containing mailbox database files
  • Partitions containing content indexing files
None

Operating system

The following table lists the supported operating systems for Exchange 2016.

important Important:
We don’t support the installation of Exchange 2016 on a computer that’s running Windows Server Core or Nano Server. The Windows Server Desktop Experience feature needs to be installed. To install Exchange 2016, you need to do one of the following to install the Desktop Experience on Windows Server prior to starting Exchange 2016 Setup:

  • Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 Run the following command in Windows PowerShell
  • Install-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra, Server-Gui-Shell -Restart
  • Windows Server 2016 Install Windows Server 2016 and choose the Desktop Experience installation option. If a computer is running Windows Server 2016 Core mode and you want to install Exchange 2016 on it, you’ll need to reinstall the operating system and choose the Desktop Experience installation option.

Supported operating systems for Exchange 2016

 

Component Requirement
Mailbox and Edge Transport server roles
  • Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter*
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter
Management tools One of the following:

  • Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter*
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter
  • 64-bit edition of Windows 10
  • 64-bit edition of Windows 8.1

*Requires Exchange Server 2016 Cumulative Update 3 or later.

Supported Windows Management Framework versions for Exchange 2016

Exchange 2016 only supports the version of Windows Management Framework that’s built in to the release of Windows that you’re installing Exchange on. Don’t install versions of Windows Management Framework that are made available as stand-alone downloads on servers running Exchange.

Installing other software on an Exchange 2016 server

We don’t support the installation of Office client or Office server software, such as SharePoint Server; Skype for Business Server; Office Online Server; or Project Server, on Exchange 2016 servers. Other software that you want to install on Exchange 2016 servers needs to be designed to run on the same computer as Exchange.

.NET Framework

We strongly recommend that you use the latest version of .NET Framework that’s supported by the release of Exchange you’re installing.

important Important:
Releases of .NET Framework that aren’t listed in the table below are not supported on any release of Exchange 2016. This includes minor and patch-level releases of .NET Framework.

 

Exchange version .NET Framework 4.6.2 .NET Framework 4.6.1 .NET Framework 4.5.2
Exchange 2016 CU5 or later X
Exchange 2016 CU4 X X3 X3
Exchange 2016 CU3 X X X
Exchange 2016 CU2 X1,2 X
Exchange 2016 RTM or CU1 X

1 .NET Framework 4.6.1 requires post-release fixes if you want to install it on a server running Exchange 2016 CU2. For more information. see Exchange 2016 prerequisites.

2 If you’re upgrading to Exchange 2016 CU4 from Exchange 2016 RTM, CU1, or CU2, we strongly recommend that you install Exchange 2016 CU4 before .NET Framework 4.6.2 or .NET Framework 4.6.1 and its related post-release fixes.

3Starting with Exchange 2016 CU5, .NET Framework 4.6.1 and 4.5.2 will no longer be supported with Exchange 2016. While those versions of .NET Framework are supported by Exchange 2016 CU4, we strongly recommend that you upgrade servers running Exchange 2016 to .NET Framework 4.6.2.

Enterprise admin, Schema Admin ve Local Admin olan bir account ile domaine member sunucuda ön gereksinimleri tamamlayarak kuruluş öncesi hazırlıklar tamamlanması gerekmektedir.

Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5.2 (Offline Installer)

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=42642

Windows Management Framework 4.0

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=40855

Unified Communications Managed API 4.0 Runtime

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=34992

Aşağıdaki features ların kurulması gerekmektedir. Kurmayıp bu kuruluşu Exchange e de yaptırabiliriz.

Install-WindowsFeature AS-HTTP-Activation, Desktop-Experience, NET-Framework-45-Features, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, Web-Mgmt-Console, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation,RSAT-ADDS

Exchange server ı kurarken en son exc cu ile kurulum yapılabilir. Exc cu nun içerisinde exc setup ı da mevcuttur Bu nedenle önce exc sonra günce exc cu kurmaya gerek yoktur.

Kuruluştan sonra Get-ExchangeServer komutu ile server kontrol edilir.

Domain ve Forest Level ler 2003 te ise önde domain sonra forest 2008 u çıkarılır.

Exchange 2016 kuruluşu sınra domaine join olmuş bilgisayarlardaki outlook lar sertifika hatası almaması için ad deki scp yi exc kuruluşundan sonra hemen düzenlemek gerek.

Set-ClientAccessServer -Identity exc2016sernername -AutoDiscoverServiceInternalUri https://mail.domain.com/autodiscover/autodiscover.xml

Exc 2013 cas Proxy olarak çalıştığı için cas tarafında bir işlem yapmadan mailbox ları exc 2016 move edilebilir.

Exc 2013 ten sertifika psk ile export edilip exc 2016 ya import edilip servislere atanır.

Virtual directory olarak kullanılan mail.domain.com posta.domain.com gibi record ların tutulduğu dns lerde posta mail webmail vs kaydı ve autodiscover kaydı yeni exc2016 sunucusuna point edecek şekilde internal dns lerde düzenleme yapılır.

Exc web servislerinin düzenlenmesi

Outlook Anywhere

Get-OutlookAnywhere -Server exc2016servername | Set-OutlookAnywhere -InternalHostname mail.domain.com -InternalClientAuthenticationMethod Ntlm -InternalClientsRequireSsl $true -ExternalHostname mail.domain.com -ExternalClientAuthenticationMethod Basic -ExternalClientsRequireSsl $true -IISAuthenticationMethods Negotiate,NTLM,Basic

ECP

Get-EcpVirtualDirectory -Server excserver2016name | Set-EcpVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/ecp -ExternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/ecp

WebService

Get-WebServicesVirtualDirectory -Server excserver2016name | Set-WebServicesVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/EWS/Exchange.asmx -ExternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/EWS/Exchange.asmx

OWA

Get-OwaVirtualDirectory -Server exc2016servername | Set-OwaVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/owa -ExternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/owa

ActiveSync

Get-ActiveSyncVirtualDirectory -Server exc2016srv | Set-ActiveSyncVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync -ExternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync

OAB

Get-OabVirtualDirectory -Server exc2016servername | Set-OabVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/OAB -ExternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/OAB

MapioverHTTP

Get-OrganizationConfig | fl *mapi* ile mapioverhttp nin enable edilip edilmedği kontrol edilir.

Exc 2007 veya 2010 varsa mapioverhttp bağlantıda Outlook clientları sunucuda bağlanamayabilir.

Mapi bağlantıda sorunlu clientlar için https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/3101488/november-10-2015-update-for-outlook-2013-kb3101488 güncellemesi yüklenmelidir.

Mapi gerçmeden çnce Outlook 2013 sp1 i ve Outlook 2010 lar sp2 li olmalı.

Exc 2013 sp1 ve üzeri olmalı cas ve mbx ler

Outlook lar mapi sonrası exc e bağlanırken sorun yaşarsa aşağıdaki makaledeki işlemler gerçekleştirilir.

https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/2995145/performance-issues-or-delays-when-you-connect-to-exchange-server-2013-that-is-running-in-windows-server

Set-OrganizationConfig -MapiHttpEnabled $true ile enable edilir. Aşağıdaki komutu 2013 ve 2016 sunucular için tek tek çalıştır.

Get-MapiVirtualDirectory -Server excserver2016name | Set-MapiVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/mapi -ExternalUrl https://mail.domain.com/mapi

Değişikliklerin hemen uygulanması için MSExchangeAutodiscoverAppPool app pool u resetle veya iis i resetle. İis resetlenince Outlook lar gidip gelebilir.

image

Firewall üzerinden 443 ncü port exc 2016 ya yönledirilir ve external dan erişimler 2016 ya alınmış olur.

autodiscover.domain.com ve mail.domain.com kayıtlarını internet dns ten yeni exc2016 sunucu olarak değiştir.

Exc 2016 kurulunca default db nin rename edilmesi

Get-MailboxDatabase -Server exc2016srvname

Set-MailboxDatabase -Identity “defauldbname” -Name newdbname

Arbitration mb taşıma

Get-Mailbox –Arbitration 

Get-Mailbox -Arbitration | New-MoveRequest -TargetDatabase exc2016dbname

Get-MoveRequest | Get-MoveRequestStatistics

PF Taşıma

Get-Mailbox -Server exc2013srvname -PublicFolder

New-MoveRequest PublicFolders1 -TargetDatabase exc2016dbname

Move Mailbox

New-MoveRequest Administrator -TargetDatabase exc2016dbname

Get-Mailbox -Database “excsrv2013dbname” | New-MoveRequest -TargetDatabase exc2016srvname ile 2013db sindeki tüm kullanıcılar taşınmaya başlanır

Get-MoveRequest | Get-MoveRequestStatistics  ile taşıma durumu takip edilir.

Get-MoveRequest -movestatus completed | remove-moverequest iel move requestte bulunan mailbox lar taşınamayacağu için bu request ler silinir.

Var olan send connector de exchange 2013 çıkarılıp exchange 2016 eklenerek internete yeni exc 2016 üzerinden mail gönderili başlanır.

Relay için receive connector oluşturmak gerekebilir. Receive connector ü de oluştur. İlk kuruluştan sonra her iki server da bir birinden sorunsuz mail alması için karşılıklı olarak bir receive connector oluşturulur.

New-OfflineAddressBook -Name “AddressBook” -AddressLists “\Default Global Address List” -VirtualDirectories $Null -GlobalWebDistributionEnabled $True ile exc 2016 için bir OAB oluşturulur ve db lerin kullanması için gerekli ayar yapılır.

Tüm işlemler sorunsuz bittiyse Exchange 2013 ortamdan uninstall edilebilir durumdadır.

Yoruma kapalı.

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